Mogorjelo is an archaeological site located in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated near the town of Čapljina, approximately 30 kilometers south of Mostar. Mogorjelo is known for its well-preserved Roman villa, which is considered one of the most important Roman sites in the country.
The villa at Mogorjelo was built during the 4th century AD and is believed to have belonged to a wealthy Roman family. It was part of a larger estate that included agricultural land, vineyards, and other structures. The villa itself consists of several interconnected buildings, including residential quarters, a central courtyard, a temple, and various auxiliary rooms.
The architectural style of Mogorjelo reflects the influence of both Roman and Hellenistic cultures. The villa features mosaic floors, frescoes, and intricate decorations, indicating the wealth and sophistication of its former inhabitants. The site also includes remnants of an early Christian basilica, which was built on the site in the 5th century AD.
Mogorjelo was abandoned in the 7th century AD, likely due to the Slavic migrations and the decline of the Roman Empire. The site was rediscovered and excavated in the 19th and 20th centuries, revealing its historical and cultural significance. Today, Mogorjelo is open to the public as an archaeological park, allowing visitors to explore the ruins and learn about the Roman presence in the region.